The sovereignty of Gibraltar is a point of contention in Anglo-Spanish relations because Spain asserts a claim to the territory. Cricket enjoys popularity in Gibraltar. Gibraltar was confirmed as UEFA's 54th member on 24 May 2013 as a result of Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) arbitration and played in Euro 2016 qualifications. It has a constitution and is self governing with the exception of military, justice and international relations. The average annual daytime temperature is about 72 °F, while the nighttime temperature averages about 59 °F. Jyske Bank claims to be the oldest bank in the country, based on Jyske's acquisition in 1987 of Banco Galliano, which began operations in Gibraltar in 1855. Special events and the daily news bulletin are streamed in video. [93] The 16th century Saint Mary the Crowned is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gibraltar, and also the oldest Catholic church in the territory. Please note that the information provided on this webpage is provided to the European Commission by the Member State administrations. Mixing up it’s and its is an extremely common mistake. It has also been suggested that the name is a contraction of Arabic: جبل على الطريق‎, romanized: jabal `alā aṭ-ṭarīq, lit. On the East. The mixture of people ensures that there are several other languages such as Arabic, Berber, Hindi, Maltese, Portuguese, and others. "[44], Under its current constitution, Gibraltar has almost complete internal self-governance through a parliament[45][46][47] elected for a term of up to four years. After the destructive Great Siege, the town was almost entirely rebuilt. The Spanish national airline, Iberia, operated a daily service to Madrid which ceased for lack of demand. There is also a ward of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and two congregations of Jehovah's Witnesses. Most of the population are of European descent, especially from Britain (27%) and Spain (26%). This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 01:16. As of 2012 the authority was responsible for the health of some 27,000 individuals. The ferry between Gibraltar and Algeciras, which had been halted in 1969 when Franco severed communications with Gibraltar, was finally reopened on 16 December 2009, served by the Spanish company Transcoma. Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Foreign Affairs Committee. Gibraltar's defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom tri-services British Forces Gibraltar. As a franchise, the airline operated flights in full British Airways livery. Football is a popular sport in Gibraltar. [31] In 1501 Gibraltar passed back to the Spanish Crown, and Isabella I of Castile issued a Royal Warrant granting Gibraltar the coat of arms that it still uses. Most locals are bilingual, also speaking Spanish. The outbreak of yellow fever in 1804 is the subject of Letitia Elizabeth Landon's 1836 poem "Gibraltar. Unsuccessful attempts by Spanish monarchs to regain Gibraltar were made with the siege of 1727 and again with the Great Siege of Gibraltar (1779 to 1783), during the American War of Independence. ... from Spain but allows support from a major Western country. Albert Hammond had top 10 hits in the UK and US and has written many songs for international artists such as Whitney Houston, Tina Turner and Julio Iglesias.[114]. Vivo V20 (2021) Key Features The largest district in Gibraltar by population is Westside. Education in Gibraltar generally follows the English model, operating within a three tier system. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is appointed by parliament. [66]. There is also an established Hindu population (2%), members of the Baháʼí Faith and a long-established Jewish community, which, at 763 persons, accounts for 2.4% of the population. The helmet is traditionally made of cork covered outside by felt or serge-like material that matches the tunic. In 1989, and in anticipation of service to cities outside the UK, Gibraltar Airways changed its name to GB Airways with the belief that a new name would incur fewer political problems. MAKERphone is an educational DIY mobile phone designed to bring electronics and programming to the crowd in a fun and interesting way. The Gibraltar Health Authority, established under the Medical (Gibraltar Health Authority) Act of 1987[100] is funded through the Gibraltar Group Practice Medical Scheme. As such, the European Commission does not accept responsibility or liability regarding the information obtained through the contacts on this site. The British Nationality Act 1981 granted Gibraltarians full British citizenship. These banknotes are legal tender in Gibraltar alongside Bank of England banknotes. Interestingly, Gibralt… As well as frequent short runs, known as "Club Runs", towards Malta to fly off aircraft reinforcements (initially Hurricanes, but later, notably from the USN aircraft carrier Wasp, Spitfires), the critical Operation Pedestal convoy was run from Gibraltar in August 1942. Extent. In May 2009, Ándalus Líneas Aéreas opened a Spanish service,[131] which also ceased operations in March 2010. In 2014 IMS started with just one scanner trying out different methods of digitising archives. [53] On 23 June 2016 Gibraltar voted along with the United Kingdom in the EU referendum; 96% of its population voted to remain, but the overall United Kingdom result gave a 51.9% majority to leaving the EU. "[33], During the Napoleonic Wars Gibraltar became a key base for the Royal Navy and played an important role leading up to the Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805). Gibraltar has several attractive attributes as a financial centre, including a common law legal system and access to the EU single market in financial services. ", "Brexit: Spain calls for joint control of Gibraltar", "Chief Minister Fabian Picardo says 'British Means British' at National Day political rally", "Spain says agreement reached on Gibraltar status in Brexit...", "Gibraltar should join South West for elections to European Parliament", "Gibraltar overwhelmingly backs Remain in first result of the night", "At Brussels summit, Spain's PM is hopeful of progress on Gibraltar", "UK, Spain reach Brexit deal over Gibraltar: Spanish PM", "Churchill sends telegram to protect apes", "Ambient (outdoor) air pollution database, by country and city 2016 – Excel format", "Europe. Gibraltar (British Overseas Territory)", "George Bassadone: Leading from the front", "In Gibraltar, British citizens worry about effects of Brexit", "Financial Secrecy, Banks and the Big 4 Firms of Accountants", "Statistics Office, Government of Gibraltar: Abstract of Statistics Report 2011", "Minister Licudi announces the adoption of the University of Gibraltar Act", "GHA School of Health invites applicants for Mental Health Nursing degree", "Gibraltar ends annual balloon release on environmental grounds", "Be a part of history in the Gibraltar Diamond Jubilee Flotilla", "La ciudad perdida: Gibraltar en la obra de Héctor Licudi", Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, "El gibraltareño Trino Cruz reúne dos décadas de su mejor poesía", "Always a Pleasure to Perform in Gibraltar", "Gibraltar: 7 reasons why you should pay it a visit", "Gibraltar played in the qualifying program for the 2016 European Championship", "Gibraltar given full Uefa membership at London Congress", "Gibraltar win competitive match for first time, beating Armenia 1-0", "CAS Upholds the Appeal Filed by the Gibraltar Football Association Regarding Its Request to Become a Full Member of FIFA", "Communiqué of the ministerial meeting of the forum of dialogue on Gibraltar", "Trilateral Forum. Psychiatric care is provided by King George V Hospital. The territory uses the Gibraltar pound as its currency, which is distributed by the Government of Gibraltar. This means that all Gibraltar citizens have a … While railway track extends to the outskirts of La Línea from an aborted rail expansion project in the 1970s,[138][139] the closest railway station in Spain is San Roque station, accessible via buses from La Línea. This corporate tax regime for non-resident controlled companies was phased out by January 2011 and replaced by a still favourable fixed corporate tax rate of 10 per cent.[76]. The culture of Gibraltar reflects Gibraltarians' diverse origins. There are almost 400,000 active-duty members of the military and the country spends about 15 to 16 percent of its budget on defense. [65] The Phoenicians were present for several centuries since around 950 BC, apparently using Gorham's Cave as a shrine to the genius loci,[21] as did the Carthaginians and Romans after them. Other ethnicities include Genoese, Maltese, Portuguese, and German. Mons Calpe was renamed Jabal Ṭāriq (جبل طارق), "the Mount of Tariq", subsequently corrupted into Gibraltar.[22]. Currently, the major economic sectors include financial services, shipping, tourism, and online gambling. The Royal Gibraltar Police (RGP), Gibraltar Defence Police (GDP) and Her Majesty's Customs (Gibraltar) are Gibraltar's principal civilian law enforcement agencies. On 18 July 1940, the Vichy French air force attacked Gibraltar in retaliation for the British bombing of the Vichy navy. There are four functioning Orthodox synagogues in Gibraltar and several kosher establishments. The strait’s western [28] The Tower of Homage of the Moorish Castle remains standing today. Its total area is 970,000 square miles, and its greatest depth is off the coast of Greece, where it is 16,800 feet deep. Rain occurs mainly in winter, with summer being generally dry. In 1944, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was so concerned about the dwindling population of apes that he sent a message to the Colonial Secretary requesting that something be done about the situation.[69]. The E15 highway connecting Spain, France, and the United Kingdom is accessible from the Spanish side using the CA-34 autovía. 9. Gibraltar is one of the most densely populated territories in the world. If not for the rock, Gibraltar … The airline initially flew under the name "Gibraltar Airways". However, even after these favorable conditions were removed in 2011, they were replaced by another favorable tax rate of only 10%. Fresh water from the boreholes is nowadays supplemented by two desalination plants: a reverse osmosis plant, constructed in a tunnel within the rock, and a multi-stage flash distillation plant at North Mole.[61]. Under the current law, Gibraltar has almost complete autonomy of its governance through its parliament, whose members serve a term of four years. Gibraltar has a digital telephone exchange supported by a fibre optic and copper infrastructure; the telephone operator Gibtelecom also operates a GSM network. In 2007, there were 18 Gibraltar sports associations with official recognition from their respective international governing bodies. From 1274 onwards, the town was fought over and captured by the Nasrids of Granada (in 1237 and 1374), the Marinids of Morocco (in 1274 and 1333) and the kings of Castile (in 1309). Subsequently, most of the population left the town with many settling nearby. The announcement resulted in the affected trade unions striking. In the meantime, planning continues for the eventuality that the UK and Gibraltar leave the European Union without this agreement. Other EU nationals are equally entitled to treatment on presentation of a valid European Health Insurance Card. Favorite Answer Gibraltar is a British overseas territory. While Spain ceded Gibraltar to the British in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht, its enclaves in North Africa were founded centuries ago, long before the Kingdom of … Gibraltar is the only place in Europe where the Gibraltar candytuft (Iberis gibraltarica) is found growing in the wild; the plant is otherwise native to North Africa. Whether you are visiting us for a break or on business, you’ll experience great Gibraltarian hospitality along with our proud British traditions. The following people, military units and Groups have received the Freedom of the City of Gibraltar. A process of tripartite negotiations started in 2006 between Spain, Gibraltar and the UK, ending some restrictions and dealing with disputes in some specific areas such as air movements, customs procedures, telecommunications, pensions and cultural exchange. It is a public holiday, during which most Gibraltarians dress in their national colours of red and white. The Gibraltar national cricket team won the European Cricket Championship Division Two in 2000 and 2002. Today, Gibraltar's economy is dominated by four main sectors: financial services, online gambling, shipping, and tourism, which includes duty-free retail sales to visitors. 'Mount of Tariq' (named after the 8th century Moorish military leader Tariq ibn Ziyad). Gibraltar is believed to be the birthplace of the rugby variant Tag Rugby. On the East. Admiral Lord Nelson and the Fleet visited Gibraltar in May 1805, and after the nearby Battle of Trafalgar in October of that year, Nelson’s body, embalmed in a cask of wine, was brought ashore at Rosia Bay to be returned to England for burial. These are the only wild apes or monkeys found in Europe. Scene During the Plague". It is on the coast of the Black Sea.During 1991-1995 its full name was the Republic of Georgia.Since 1995 it is Georgia as written in the Constitution. Albert Gajšak is raising funds for MAKERphone - an educational DIY mobile phone on Kickstarter! 7.1% advised that they have no religion. Gibraltar is a peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea with an area of just 2.6 square miles (6.8 sq km) and throughout its history, the Strait of Gibraltar (the narrow strip of water between it and Morocco) has been an important "chokepoint." 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